IID Time Series Testing

Andrey Sarantsev
Theory of Stochastic Processes
Vol.27 (43), no.1, 2023, pp.41-52
Traditional white noise testing, for example the Ljung-Box test, studies only the autocorrelation function (ACF). Time series can be heteroscedastic and therefore not i.i.d. but still white noise (that is, with zero ACF). An example of heteroscedasticity is financial time series: times of high variance (financial crises) can alternate with times of low variance (calm times). Here, absolute values of time series terms are not white noise. We could test for white noise separately for original and absolute values, for example using Ljung-Box tests for both. In this article, we create an omnibus test which combines these two tests. Moreover, we create a general framework to create various i.i.d. tests. We apply tests to simulated data, both autoregressive linear and heteroscedastic.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3842/tsp-8836211480-29
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